Android create JSON string

Nowadays, JSON becomes a useful data-interchanges format that is easy to generate, transmit, and read by any programming language. It is an alternative to XML. You can create a JSON string in Android and use it on Android or send it your web page. You can create a JSON string in PHP and transmit the string to an Android application which parses the string.



In this Android tip, I am going to show you how to create a JSON string in Android. In Android, there are two important classes used to generate a JSON string. They are JSONArray and JSONObject. In a JSONArray instance, you can store different type of data including JSONObject. Below is a JSON string that is created from a JSONArray that has three string items.
["Galaxy Note3","Galaxy S4","Galaxy S4"]


JSONArray list = new JSONArray();    
try {
list2.put(0, "Galaxy Grand");
list2.put(1, "Galaxy S4");
list2.put(2, "Galaxy S3");
} catch (JSONException e1) {
// TODO Auto-generated catch block
e1.printStackTrace();
}
Log.i("Main",list.toString());

Here is another example JSON string. This JSON string created from a JSONArray that has two JSONObject instances. In each JSONObject instance, there are three pairs of name and value. cid, cphone, and cname are names. 1, 855233098, Dara Sok are values.

[{"cid":"1","cphone":"855233098","cname":"Dara Sok"},{"cid":"2","cphone":"855233098","cname":"Chan Thorn"}]


The code to generate this JSON string is shown below.

JSONArray list = new JSONArray();
JSONObject obj1=new JSONObject();
SONObject obj2=new JSONObject();
try {
obj1.put("cid", "1");
obj1.put("cname","Dara Sok");
obj1.put("cphone", "855233098");
obj2.put("cid", "2");
obj2.put("cname","Chan Thorn");
obj2.put("cphone", "855233098");
list.put(0, obj1);
list.put(1, obj2);


} catch (JSONException e) {
// TODO Auto-generated catch block
e.printStackTrace();
}
Log.i("Main", st);

You should note that in JSON, curly braces ({}) hold an object and square brackets ([]) hold an array.

Android-create-JSON-string

Posted by: Dara | post date: 01-14-2015 | Subject: Android Apps Development

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